Effects of Natural Disaster in The Environment and on People

Effects of Natural Disaster in The Environment and on People

The end of a catastrophe is always just the start of it. When the storm is over, the haze disappears and the inevitable happens, the process of healing starts. In response to the billions in land damages and the significant personal losses that many individuals have experienced, there are also overlooked environmental effects that need to be counteracted.

Natural occurrences – like hurricanes, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, flooding, explosions, volcanic activity, and environmental phenomena such as severe droughts and rainstorms – are expected to rise in occurrence caused by climate change.

Here are the effects of natural disasters on people and to our environment:

Flood Impact

Huge floods have a variety of impacts on river-plain habitats. Throughout low-flow cycles, generally in midsummer, the rivers dominate the canal system. During the monsoon season, rivers pour through their waterways, charging up the nearby wetlands, woodland, and reservoirs with freshwater, nutrients as well as sediments.

In major floods, wetlands not only hold water but also become more of the raging river stream, steadily flowing downriver through woods and swamps.

Through time, plant and animal organisms have evolved to withstand, endure, or avoid seasonal flood surges and extraordinary major floods. The mixture of flood-adapted plants and animals, periodic flows and major flooding, the river and its canals, and the dynamic patchwork of flood-prone ecosystems constitute a complicated and outstandingly active river-floodplain environment.

Food Scarcity

Food also becomes unavailable following natural catastrophes. Hundreds and hundreds of people across the world are starving as a consequence of the degradation of agriculture and the lack of agricultural resources, whether something occurs unexpectedly in a flood or steadily in a drought.

As just a response, food costs are rising, lowering family buying power and raising the chances of extreme malnutrition or even worse. The risks of malnutrition after a disaster, storm, or typhoons can be immense, creating permanent harm to children’s health.


Unlike hurricanes, droughts are typically harmful to natural processes and produce little offsetting effects. In reality, the most profound and lasting effects of drought arise in the ecosystem.

Total combined stress on wetlands, habitats, trees, land, and soils cannot be assessed reliably, and often impacts arise steadily and over many years, rendering them particularly difficult to estimate.

The challenges created by drought conditions start with adjustments in the amount and nature of available water in the hydrological system. Drought affects all plant and animal organisms by absolving them of water and food, enhancing their resistance to illness, and raising their susceptibility to predation.

As with flooding, drought causes a lack of habitat, which also raises the loss of dry soils when the rains come to an end.

Emotional Aftershocks

Natural disasters can be extremely stressful for small children. Faced with sights of devastation and the deaths of peers and loved ones, most adolescents experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a severe neurological illness arising from intense trauma.

Undiagnosed, children struggling with PTSD can be vulnerable to permanent psychiatric injury and emotional distress.

Public Health Issues

Health problems are among the most urgent issues after every catastrophic event. It is often the situation that services for water and toilet sanitation are destroyed or unfixable: indicating that the comfortable disposal of human waste rapidly can be a serious health risk. 

Furthermore, despite running water, hand washing and nutrition hygiene are increasingly declining. After or during disasters such as disasters and flooding, stagnant water may be a dumping ground for bacteria and pathogenic organisms such as mosquitoes.

In instances where transport utilization and facilities are destroyed, victims of natural catastrophes can be trimmed off from life-saving treatments both for acute and chronic diseases and separated from emergency rescue healthcare services.

Serious Environmental Changes

After a disaster, cityscapes that had originally been scenic beaches or beachside towns have become a ruin. In regards to the damage of human development, disasters are destroying plant life such as forests, likely to result in flash floods and coastal regions that drift into the ocean as profound root systems that originally occupied the property in place are knocked out.

These transformations compel human residents to restore in a completely different way, to reshape their ways of life and livelihoods around with a changing ecosystem.

Severe Local Storms

Strong rainfall, which eventually led to flash floods, could also be detrimental to the climate, at least in this area. They increase soil erosion and, if these happen in mountainous regions, the subsequent flood will cause massive harm to habitats in small valley regions.

Bottom line:

Reconstruction takes all sorts of ways when a tragedy hits a city, but we can all help. There is indeed a strong need to enhance the value of environmental issues in the disaster preparedness cycle of prevention, preparedness, evaluation, intervention, and recovery and to incorporate environmental issues into rescue, restoration, rebuilding, and growth planning.

 We should never take for granted our environment just because we are experiencing fine weather.